Montessori - Resources

Materials

Below are the details of certain Montessori Materials available at Italian Montessori House of Children

Sensorial Materials

Sensorial education helps develop a child's intellect. Whether you believe intelligence is genetic or produced by environment, you can further it by education. Intelligence is built upon experiences and thought processes. The Montessori materials for ages 18 months to 6 are designed to help a child's mind develop the necessary skills for later intellectual learning.

Sensorial Materials are materials used in the Montessori classroom that help the child to develop his 5 senses. The materials are designed to help the child refine tactile, visual, auditory, olfactory, and gustatory senses.

Sensorial Materials, like many other materials in the Montessori classroom, have what is called a "control of error." This means that the child will work with the material, but will have a way for them to check their own work rather than seeking out the teacher. This is done to help promote independence on the part of the child.

Cylinder Block:

pic_typorgaphyA set of 4 blocks made of wood. Each of the blocks is a rectangular prism with concave faces to facilitate holding firmly.

Objective:

Cylinder block helps the child in pairing and grading activity. This will help in pre-hensile coordination and holding the writing instruments with necessary and sufficient firmness.

Pink Tower:
Brown Stairs:
Colour Tablets:
Tactile Material Box-Touch Board:
Geometrical Cabinet:
Geometrical Solids:
Steregnosis Bags:
Noise Box:

Exercise of Practical Life

Practical life exercises help the child to learn how to do living activities in a purposeful way. The purpose and aim of Practical Life is to help the child gain control in the coordination of his movement, and help the child to gain independence and adapt to his society. Practical Life Exercises also aid the growth and development of the child’s intellect and concentration and will in turn also help the child develop an orderly way of thinking.

Few activities of practical life exercises

  • How to roll a mat (Work mat)
  • How to put down a chowki (small table for children)
  • How to carry a tray
  • How to carry a sharp object
  • How to use a pair of scissors
  • How to greet others

and lots of puzzles and activities that helps the child to improve general knowledge.


Arithmetic Materials

Arithmetic is a very precise science, which is born out of the intellect of man, and thus also known as intellectual science. Study and experiments show that the child becomes interested in the quantitative aspect of this knowledge and tries to know about the quantity and this is the human tendency for precision.

Number Rods and Cards:

pic_typorgaphyThe material consists of ten wooden rods, divided into units by alternating colours of red and blue, progressing in ten equal steps.

Objective:

The Number Rods introduce the child to quantity 1-10 and their corresponding number names. Through exploration with the material, the child also develops concepts in sequence of number, combinations of 10 and basic arithmetic.

Sandpaper Figures:
Spindle Boxes:
Seguin Board:
Addition Strip Board:
Subtraction Strip Board:
Multiplication Board:

Language

Language is not only meant for communication but also a means to serve in enriching the human culture further. The child starts absorbing this cultural element since it is spoken in the environment. To become conscious of any of his conquests the child needs educational help rendered consciously and deliberately.

The child when he starts coming regularly to Montessori House of Children, finds a great freedom to speak. The consciousness of sounds and a reasonable familiarity with shapes, geometric or otherwise, which form the letters of the alphabet and a good knowledge of the structure of sentences becomes a preparation for reading also.

Sandpaper Letters:

pic_typorgaphyEach sandpaper letter is in the lower case (Cursive) with the sandpaper consonants pasted on pink boards and vowels on blue boards. Each board has a space on the left for the child to keep it steady it with one hand while tracing with the other.

Objective:

To introduce the child to Print letters and familiarize the same through sandpaper tracing activity

Movable Alphabet Box: